About This Site

I'm a Tech Guy for over 30 Years Knowledge of Computers, Networks, PC Gadgets. This site is to be used to share some of my knowledge and reviews
If you find info useful from this site then please consider to Donate

Windows Is The Best OS

I have been a Windows fan  since Windows 3,1. I have tried a lot of OSs. When DOS and Windows 3.1 was the norm I tried OS/2. At the time I felt a much better OS than Windows. It was true multitasking. Felt more robust. I thought (like Amiga) would rule the world. NOT. Again it was better than the rest but would not take over because, they were not Microsoft. Do you remember Wordperfect? MS crushed them. Do you remember Novell? MS crushed them. Again Windows 3.1 was good but not as good as OS/2. When Windows NT/2000/XP was born it was better.Why? Well because they were more compatible. People programmed for the larger OS. That was Windows.

I have tried Linux in the past. Worked with Unix. Even had an Apple OSX virtual hack OS. Really wanted a Linux distro to make me switch. Why I did not was the major reason I still use Windows as my only OS on all my Laptops/Desktops at home and at work. ALL my clients I work with use Windows. WHY? Well all the apps that they use (Autodesk ACAD, SAGE 50, PCLAW, ETC) ONLY work on Windows. Most of my clients are corporate and they all require  Windows to function. It has been the norm for more than  20 years why change!!

And I feel Windows very stable. I use it on fast CPU’s with lots of RAM and usually a fast SSD. Rarely I have had a blue screen of death. The earlier Windows had issues but I feel the newer OS and the constant updates (which can be an issue but is better than security bug) has made the OS very stable.

There is basically no competition. Apple is way behind in updating and introducing new products.  There IOS (which I feel very good) is their bread winner and their PC/Laptop seems the lesser motivation for Apple. I have used  their  OSX and feel its a user friendly OS on top of Linux/Unix.

I wish there was a better competitor for Windows like Intel and AMD but there is not. Since Windows NT it has been a great OS. Many (including me) hate the new Start menu from Windows 8-10. This is why I install Classicshell. It still works on the latest Windows 10 and is a better DESKTOP EXPERIENCE than any Windows 10 start menu.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Will Never Build A PC Without An SSD

I have building PCs for personal and business for a long time. My major PCs for personal I have seemed to be 3.0Ghz for a long time. P4 3.0Ghz, Core2Duo 3.0Ghz, and i7 3.0GHz. The CPU has gotten better over the years and at the time was the best upgrade to do. Hard Drives have always been the staple of PCs. They have gotten larger over years but never really improved in speed. Sata went from 1.5 to 3 to 6 GB/s but the factor that they were still spinning drives there is a limit of speed. SSD drives started to break the barrier. When they started they were faster BUT very expensive. That has changed over the years. Finally SSD drives are starting to get cheaper with the faster speed. Adding or changing a drive from standard spinning Sata to a SSD is probably the most improvement you can make for most users. You can turn a 10 year old PC that is extremely slow to a livable PC by changing to a SSD drive.

The lower size SSDs are getting really cheap. They might not be as cheap as spinning drives but are getting close. 128GB-500GB SSDs are a bit more than spinning drives but are much more worth it. 1TB and especially 2TB SSDs are still a bit pricey. There are different interfaces also. SSDs with standard Sata connection are cheaper and faster than spinning drives but will never top out more than 600MB/s. The new M.2 drives that also range can go far more faster speeds of 3,400MB/s or better but you also pay for the speed. The larger the size with the faster speeds really make a big price difference.

For me starting with a standard 500GB SSD for a few bucks more (say $50-$100) is well worth the experience. You can get a cheap i3 with 8GB of ram with an SSD drive that will boot and feel faster than an i7 with 8GB RAM and a standard spinning drive. The reason I will never build a new PC without an SSD. I have 3 main PCs I work on. I7 with WD BLACK SSD M.2 at work. Home old i7 with Sata SSD. And the current Laptop I am running i7 with SSD drive. When it only takes 3-7 seconds to boot you will never want to go back!!!

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

M.2 Controller Comparison

So as I am starting to create pricing sheets for PCs I sell and starting to include 8th gen Intel CPUs and I started to look at the different options for the motherboards. One of the major options is the M.2 slots. Looking at the various ASUS MBs with M.2 there are a different versions of the controllers speeds. This is also compared to the M.2 SSD drive versions. I looked for a chart that compared this but have not found one. The drives all specify MB/s. The controller like to specify Gbps or just architecture. So for me and others I have created a chart that explains the differences.

In my chart I compare speed of the Gbps, M.2 controller, controller name, Max MB/s and example of ASUS MBs. The basis is to prevent you spend a large amount of money on a high end NVMe drive and install it in a low price MB that has a limited M.2 controller.

There are other controllers and different speeds (m.1, U.2 etc) but these are the most common now. I have included SATA drives and controllers to give a comparison of the old SATA vs SSD.

Gbps Max MB/s Drive Example Drive Max Speed Controller Name ASUS Ex MB Models
3 Gbps 375 MB/s WD Blue 500GB SATA 108 MB/s SATA II 3 All
6 Gbps 750 MB/s WD Black 4TB SATA 175 MB/s SATA III 6 All new
10 Gbps 1250 MB/s WD Blue M.2 560 MB/s M.2 PCIe x2 (socket 2) H310M-C
20 Gbps 2500 MB/s WD Black PCIe M.2 2050 MB/s M.2 PCIe x4 (socket 3) B250M-C   B360M-C
32 Gbps 4000 MB/s WD Black NVMe M.2 3400 MB/s M.2 PCIe 3.0 x4 H370M-PLUS

I included Western Digital Drives because they are common with all different configurations. There are also Samsung drives and others that would be similar. Some have faster speeds than the WD but it gives you an idea with max MB/s options. If you look the SATA 3 and 6 are rated at faster speeds than the drives but the limit of spinning drives vs SSDs you can see why the future will be all SSDs. Once the price is better. It takes time. I remember the first SSD was like $1000 for say 20GB now you can get 128GB for under $100. Also you can  see that SATA III can handle SSDs speeds. Thats some of the lower SSDs say M.2 SATA. Also why all the SATA SSDs have a max of 5XX MB/s even though theoretically its 750MB/s with all the overhead etc it won’t get there.

I feel this is just an intermediate. The norm will be M.2 PCIe 3.0 x4 and the next faster SSDs will be beyond these. We will see what the future holds.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Computer Electronics

When I went to College my major was Computer Electronics Engineering. The last year was geared to my TR. This is a project you build that is computer related. My TR (which won the TR of the year) was a remote control device over the phone to control devices. This was 1991. There were no Arduino, Raspberry pi etc. It was created with a limited CPU, RAM, EEprom, analog to digital device, telephone chip that can interpreted. I had at the time a new device that I could record my voice digitally and could just send a command to the device to play the recording depending on the address. I think this part made me win the award. There were other students that were building similar devices but no other had the voice part. The voice part helped the person on the call to control the device to hear “Press 1 to turn on device 1” etc. The others basically had to guess what the state of the device or had a high or low beep to tell the person what the state of the device. The biggest learning part at the time is this is how computers were built at the time. The programming of the device was all assembly. The issue back then was you do the program, send to an eeprom. Put the eeprom in the socket and hope for the best. This was the back bone of how computers were made.

Now you can do this with different hardware and software over the Internet in a very short time. I know because I built an Arduino with a wired shield to connect to the Internet. Connect a light to the Arduino and with a little website I could remote in from anywhere to connect to the Internet and control the Internet. I did not have the voice but did not need this since I had a website that told me the state of the device. It took me maybe 2 hours to create the program and get the website and Arduino going. It took me 4 months to get the TR project going in 1991. This is the differences of how computer tech has gotten better over the years!!

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Change IDE To AHCI Mode For Windows 10

Found this at the following post.

Basically follow these steps:

  1. Right-click the Windows Start Menu. Choose Command Prompt (Admin).
  2. Type this command and press ENTER: bcdedit /set {current} safeboot minimal
  3. Restart the computer and enter BIOS Setup (the key to press varies between systems).
  4. Change the SATA Operation mode to AHCI from either IDE or RAID (again, the language varies).
  5. Save changes and exit Setup and Windows will automatically boot to Safe Mode.
  6. Right-click the Windows Start Menu once more. Choose Command Prompt (Admin).
  7. Type this command and press ENTER: bcdedit /deletevalue {current} safeboot
  8. Reboot once more and Windows will automatically start with AHCI drivers enabled.
Print Friendly, PDF & Email