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Server 2019 Not Activating

Installed Server 2019 Standard. I skipped the enter key during installation and when I then tried to change the key to activate it, it failed. Seems others have had the same issue. If you enter the key during install it solves the issue. Others have said to just reinstall. From this site found an easier solution.

From an elevated command prompt run the following:

cscript c:\windows\system32\slmgr.vbs /ipk [2019-specific-mak-key]

where [2019-specific-mak-key] is where you type in your mak key without the brackets.

I believe the issue is when you skip the key entry it then will only activate using a KMS server. Running the command above by passes this and injects the MAK key for you.


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AMD vs Intel

So as a computer builder and mainly been an Intel guy for 20+ years and my suppliers can’t provide Intel CPU’s (lack of stock because of 10nm problems) I had to start getting AMD CPU’s and boards. I know the AMD Cpu’s have gotten better over the years. I like that their models are similar to Intel. Example Ryzen 3 are like i3, Ryzen 5 are like i5 etc. So you would think that the AMD are cheaper and would give me a better sell. NOT!!! All Intel iX CPUs have built in a GPU. They are not gaming GPUs but 90% of my sales are for Business and they don’t need a high end GPU and built in GPU on CPU is suffice. Buying an AMD Ryzen 5 1600 and a compatible ASUS MB I realize that the CPU does not have built on GPU!! WTF!!!!!! AMD make fast GPUs but for most of their CPUs don’t built in a GPU!! If you buy an AMD with a CPU model that ends in G then it has a built in GPU. Price is not bad. So I have built a few PCs with a 2400G CPU. Speed wise in comparison is decent and has the business GPU. Thought it was great BUT not so. Have a client that has AMD 2400G and the screen likes to go black for a few seconds and then display OK for 4-5 times a day. NEVER had this issue with an Intel CPU. Never had to have to add a GPU to the cost of a PC so it will display standard video. These are the reasons that I have been an Intel guy. They work!! Games are built to work better with Intel than AMD. Sure AMD are cheaper and I watch a lot of tech shows and love AMD BUT for me for clients that are business geared that I find Intel CPUs are a better choice! Have to add a $100 GPU card so that you can work compared to an Intel CPU is not saving money!!

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Windows 10 Pro False Product Activation

One of my PCs fell with the Windows 10 Pro needs activation. There is a major bug in MS Activation Servers. Found this online that fixed my issue. Go to Settings-Updates & Security. Click Activation on the left. Then Troubleshoot on the right. After this it fixed the bug for me.

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Show VPN Connections On Windows Server

Client uses VPN on a Windows 2012 server and would like to know if users are connected before restarting the server.

The easiest way I found is to create a batch file and then run it as Administrator.

Here is the lines used in the batch file:

@echo off
netsh ras show client


Once you create the batch file containing these lines then just right-click on the file and select run as administrator

It will then show the names of the users logged in.


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Ryzen 1600 PC Won’t Boot

So I have been an Intel person for many many years. AMD in the early day sucked. They got better than Intel around the P4 time but when Intel started the Core 2 Duo I felt Intel were better. Recently the Intel CPUs are very short supply. I find very few left to find. All the 8th gen Intel i3-i7 are gone! So for my clients I have to provide PCs so I got in 2 AMD Ryzen 5 1600. My one supplier currently have some in stock. So I ordered the CPU and a compatible ASUS motherboard. Plugged everything in similar to the 1000’s of Intel PCs I have created but it would not boot. Looking at the fine print on the AMD box is it needs a GPU. WTF!!!!!!! Intel have not created a video card in many years so they build the GPU in the CPU. They are not the greatest but are getting better and for most of my business clients that’s all they need. Hell I can get Intel IX with an ASUS MB and can run 3 monitors right off the MB. Not for gaming but the business people don’t need that. Multiply screens is what they care. So here is AMD who make graphic cards and have the technology for this does not implement this in the CPU!!! It does not have to be all that fast but similar to Intel CPU speeds for GPU. So now I have to add a GPU card. The cheapest Nvidia 710 costs retail around $100 So now I have to add to the cost of a PC (where PC margins are already slim) so now the cheaper AMD is not that cheap! Add a GPU and its not that cheap.


Seems AMD Ryzen CPUs that end in G (for Graphics) have the graphics capability (Example Ryzen 2400G). I can see AMD choice of the 2 different chips BUT from an Intel standpoint it makes confusion. Every Intel i series CPU has built in GPU. For AMD you have to  choice the the right CPU for the job.


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GPO Policy Error “The system cannot find the path specified”

Client tried to go into Group Policy manager and edit Default Domain Policy but got this error.

Found on this site the solution


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Importing Pictures & Videos in Win 10 as Was Done in Win 7

Found this at this site

Basically copy the content of the item in the brackets in clipboard. Then right-click on Windows 10 desktop and create a new shortcut and paste clipboard and call it what you like. txt






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Enable TLS 1.1 and 1.2 in Windows 7 For Outlook To Work

Client that their email provider only connects using TLS 1.1 and 1.2. In Windows 10 its enabled by default and will work fine. For Windows 7 you have to run/check 3 steps. First make sure a Windows Update is installed. You must have SP1 installed and then download the update. Likely its already installed. Second you download and run a MS Easy Fix. Run then restart. Third you need to add 2 registry keys and restart.

Here is the website where I found this.

STEP 1 Download MS Update KB3140245

Install and reboot

STEP 2 Download MS Easy Fixit

Install and reboot

STEP 3 Add the following Registry items and reboot:

Check this registry key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\Schannel\Protocols

Under the Protocols key, add two new keys, if not already there: One called “TLS 1.1” and one called “TLS 1.2“. Inside both of these keys, add another key called “Client“. Now create a DWORD value in each Client key called “DisabledByDefault” whose value is 00000000.

Reboot and start Outlook.

If Outlook is still not able to send or can’t connect to port 465, change to port 25.


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Error Adding Backup Drive For Windows Backup Server

Get the error:

“The filename, directory name, or volume label syntax is incorrect”

This article explains options. The 3rd option is one needed if you don’t want to connect all the backup drives at once or cannot:


Add a new disk to the backup schedule by running the wbadmin command from an elevated command prompt.

Run the following command from an elevated command prompt to determine the Disk Identifier of the new disk:

wbadmin get disks

Based on the output, locate the disk that will be added to the scheduled backup. Make a note of the Disk Identifier. The output will resemble the following:
Disk name: xxxxxxxxxxx
Disk number: x
Disk identifier: {xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx}
Total space: xxx.xx GB
Used space : xxx.xx GB
Run the following command to add the new disk to the Scheduled backup.  Use the Disk Identifier from the previous step as the “AddTarget” parameter. (MAKE SURE ITS THE BACKUP DRIVE ID YOU USE AND NOT THE SOURCE)

WBADMIN ENABLE BACKUP -addtarget:{xxxxxxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxxxxxxxxxx}

When you receive the following prompt, type Y for Yes.
“Do you want to enable scheduled backups with the above settings?”



Seems this issue is with Server 2008,2008R2. There is no issue in Server 2012 or 2016

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SBS 2011 Windows Backup Of System State or VSS Won’t Work

Had this in a few clients. Seems there is a Sharepoint update that causes it to stop working. From this website found the solution.

1. Open an Administrative command prompt (task manager, show all processes, file -> run).
2. Change directory to C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\BIN
3. Run PSConfig.exe -cmd upgrade -inplace b2b -force -cmd applicationcontent -install -cmd installfeatures
4. The command can take several minutes to run, please wait

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